In addition to the workplace hazards generally faced by industrial workers, electricians are also particularly exposed to injury by electricity.An electrician may experience electric shock due to direct contact with energized circuit conductors or due to stray voltage caused by faults in a system. An electric arc exposes eyes and skin to hazardous amounts of heat and light. Faulty switchgear may cause an arc flash incident with a resultant blast.
Electricians are trained to work safely and take many measures to minimize the danger of injury.
Limits of approach to energized equipment protect against arc flash exposure; specially designed flash-resistant clothing provides additional protection; grounding (earthing) clamps and chains are used on line conductors to provide a visible assurance that a conductor is de-energized.
Also during the construction electrician with his team in control of the electrical installation of the network, because only authorized persons may perform such work.It is very important to install the appropriate wiring to the building during the operation met its functions. Therefore, this electrician is responsible for the oversight of electricity on site and very often his help is invaluable, because it allows the reception of installations, without which the building does not meet the required functions.
The National Electrical Code (NEC), or NFPA 70, is a regionally adoptable standard for the safe installation of electrical wiring and equipment in the United States.It is part of the National Fire Codes series published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), a private trade association.
In some cases, the NEC is amended, altered and may even be rejected in lieu of regional regulations as voted on by local governing bodies. The "authority having jurisdiction" inspects for compliance with these minimum standards.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Electrical_Code.